Fourth USDA Greenhouse Gas Conference

Positioning Agriculture and Forestry to Meet the Challenges of Climate Change


February 6-8, 2007

Baltimore, Maryland



February 6

Opening Plenary Session


Introduction and Welcome

                  Jerry Hatfield, USDA National Soil Tilth Lab


Keynote Address

                  Mark Rey, USDA Undersecretary for Natural Resources and the Environment


Plenary Panel

                  Opportunities for Partnerships with Agriculture. Jean-Mari Peltier, National Council of Farm Cooperatives.


                  Producer Participation in the Emerging Carbon Credit Markets. David Miller, Iowa Farm Bureau Federation.


                  “That’s Not What I Meant”: Bringing Science to Policy in a Political and Media-Savvy World. Brian Murray, Duke University.


Earth Science and Climate Change. Mary Cleave, NASA.





February 6

Forest Inventory


U.S. Forest Carbon Inventory Calculation Tool. Linda Heath, USDA Forest Service.


Climatic Zones as an Indicator of Forest Coarse and Fine Woody Debris Carbon Stocks in the United States. Christopher W. Woodall, USDA Forest Service.


NE Forests 2100: A Synthesis of Climate Change Research on Northern Forest Ecosystems in the Northeastern U.S. and Eastern Canada. Lindsey Rustad, USDA Forest Service.


Consistent Standard Estimates of Carbon in Forest Ecosystems and Harvested Wood for the U.S. Voluntary Greenhouse Gas Reporting Program. James E. Smith, USDA Forest Service.


Imputing Soil Carbon Measurements Across the Landscape. Charles Perry, USDA Forest Service.


The Kane Experimental Forest Carbon Inventory: A Case Study Introducing FVS Carbon. Coeli Hoover, USDA Forest Service.


Potential of Metasequoia glyptostroboides as a Short Rotation Forestry Species. Christopher Williams, Franklin and Marshall College.






February 6

Forest Response to Climate Change


Korean Fir (Abies koreana) Decline in Mt. Halla – A Linkage with Physiological Changes Caused by Climate Change. Su-Young Woo, University of Seoul.


Air Pollution Effects on Physiological, Anatomical and Morphological Changes of Several Urban Tree Species in Seoul. SooZin Ryang, University of Seoul


Chemistry and Long-Term Decomposition of Roots from Douglas Fir Grown at Elevated Atmospheric CO2 and Warming Conditions. Hua Chen, University of Illinois at Springfield.


Effects of Forest Plantation on the Concentration of Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide in Taiwan. Chao-Ming Lai, National Taiwan University.


Nutrient Distribution in Soil Immediately Following Prescribed Treatments in Disturbed Forest Ecosystem of Northern Alabama. Maria Nobles, Alabama A&M University.


Additional Carbon Sequestration Through Nitrogen Fertilization of Pacific Northwest Forests. Robert Harrison, University of Washington.


Economic Potential for Carbon Mitigation in Indian Forestry. Jayant A. Sathaye, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.






February 6

Trace Gas Emissions, Part I


The Importance of Manure Accumulation for Trace Gas Production in a Semi-Arid Landscape. Paul Dijkstra, Northern Arizona University.


Isotopic Composition of Methane in an Upland Forest: Preliminary Data Set from an Amazon Tropical Forest. Jose Mauro S. Moura, Centro de Energia Nuclear na Agricultura.


Monitoring CO2, CH4, and N2O Emissions from Soil in Agricultural Fields in Central Missouri. Nsalambi Nkongolo, Lincoln University.


Field Scale Greenhouse Gas Emissions in a Furrow-Irrigated Field Under Standard and Minimum Tillage. Amy King, University of California-Davis.


Effect of Thinning and Clear-Cutting on GHG Fluxes in the Japanese Forests. Tomoaki Morishita, Forestry and Forest Products Research Institute.


Diet Influence on Nitrous Oxide Emissions in Lactating Dairy Cows. P. Merino, NEIKER.


Nitrous Oxide and Carbon Dioxide Emissions from California Dairy Systems. Mattew Beene, California State University-Fresno.






February 6

Trace Gas Emissions, Part II


Emissions of N2O from Canadian Agricultural Sources: An IPCC Tier II Approach. Philippe Rochette, Agriculture & Agri-Food Canada.


Greenhouse Gas Fluxes in an Eastern Cornbelt Soil: Weather, N Source, and Rotation. Guillermo Hernandez Ramirez, Purdue University.


New Open-Path Optical Remote Sensing Method to Estimate Methane Emission from Soil. Kyoung Ro, USDA-ARS.


Effect of Irrigation on Displacement of Greenhouse Bases from Soil Pore Space. R.S. Tubbs, USDA-ARS.


Potential for Alternatives in Farm Management to Reduce Soil Greenhouse Gas Emissions. Cynthia Kallenback, University of California-Davis.


Hydro-Climatic Events and Greenhouse Gas Dynamics in Riparian Forests. Pierre-Andre Jacinthe, Indiana University.


Effects of Current Cropping Systems on Emissions of Greenhouse Gases from Agricultural Soils in Taiwan. Chao-Ming Lai, National Taiwan University.


Nitrous Oxide Emissions from Agricultural and Forest Soils of Uruguay. C. Perdomo, Univ de la Republica.


Forecasting the Contribution of Nitrogen Fertilizer to Greenhouse Gas Emissions. Thomas Bruulsema, Potash & Phosphate Institute.






February 6

Crop Response to Climate Change


Stabilizing Pulse Crop Yield as the Climate Changes in Western Canada. Rosalind Bueckert, University of Saskatewan.


Growth and Yield of Chickpea Cultivar Under Rising Atmospheric CO2. Madan Pal Singh, Indian Agricultural Research Institute. 


The Effect of CO2 Enrichment and Increasing Temperature on Dry Bean and Maize. Abelardo Nunez-Barrios, Universidad de Chihuahua.


Climate Change and Crop Production: Simulations of Impacts and Adaptation Strategies for U.S. Agriculture. Allison M. Thomson, Joint Global Change Research Institute.


Enhanced Forage Production Resulting from Rising Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide May Not Be Good News for Rangeland. Jack Morgan, USDA-ARS Crops Research Laboratory.






February 6

Soil Carbon, Pt. I


Biosolids: CO2 Source or Sink? Guanglong Tian, MWRDGC.


Dryland Soil Carbon Dioxide Emission and Carbon Storage as Influenced by Tillage, Cropping, and Nitrogen Fertilization. Upendra Sainju, USDA-ARS NPARL.


A Novel Technology for Stable Soil Carbon Sequestration. Debbie Reed, Cornell University.


Soil Organic Carbon Across a Coastal Plain Landscape: Effects of Tillage and Crop Management Systems. Jeffrey Novak, USDA-ARS Coastal Plains Research Center.


Changes in Total Soil Organic Carbon Caused by Crop Rotation and Bio Cover after Four Years of No Tillage Production. Jason Wight, University of Tennessee.


pCO2 Profiles in Soils of Irrigated Orchards and Their Relation to Carbon Sequestration. Gil Eshel, Institute of Soil, Water and Environmental Science, Agricultural Research Organization.






February 7

Technologies for Reducing Greenhouse Gases


Utilizing CO2 in California Agricultural Systems: Potential for Recycling CO2 Emissions from Ethanol Production Facilities. Shawn Ashkan, California State Universwity-Fresno.


Impact of Grain Biofuel Production on the Global Warming Potential of Maize-Based Agroecosystems. Daniel Walters, University of Nebraska-Lincoln.


The Influence of Forest Management on Stand Productivity and Carbon Sequestration: Evaluating the Potential for Bio-Energy Production. Carrie M. Lee, University of Washington.


Modeling Marginal Biophysical Responses to Assess Cropland Greenhouse Gas Abatement Potential. Seven K. Rose, U.S. Environmental Protection Agency.


Cellulosic and Grain Bioenergy Crops Reduce Net Greenhouse Gas Emissions Associated with Transportation Fuels. Paul Adler, USDA-ARS.


Estimating Carbon Storage in NRCS Agroforestry Practices. Miles Merwin, USDA-NRCS.


Forest Carbon Sequestration Potential in Upper Michigan. Alexander L. Friend, USDA Forest Service.


The Charcoal Vision: A Recipe for Simultaneously Producing Bioenergy, Permanently Sequestering Carbon, and Enhancing Soil and Water Quality. David Laird, USDA-ARS National Soil Tilth Laboratory.






February 7

Public Policy: Economic and Social Implications


Potential Miscanthus Adoption in Illinois: Information Needs and Preferred Information Channels. Maria B. Villamil, University of Illinois.


Potential Adaptation Options for US National Forests to Climate Change. Geoffrey M. Blate, USDA Forest Service Rocky Mountain Research Station.


A Biomass Future for the North American Great Plains. Norman J. Rosenberg, Joint Global Change Research Institute.


Agriculture in the Climate Change and Energy Price Squeeze. Bruce McCarl, Texas A&M University.


Stratified Regional Baselines for Land Use Change and Forestry Projects. Jayant A. Sathaye, Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory.


Multipurpose, Diversified Biomass Bedstock Systems: Farm Carbon with a Twist. Michele Schoeneberger, USDA Forest Service/NRCS National Agroforestry Center.


Potential Environmental and Economic Benefits to a National “Cap and Trade” System and Bioenergy: Kansas Agriculture Case Study. Charles W. Rice, Kansas State University.


Helping the Carbon Market Work for the Rural Poor in Developing Countries: The Potential for Public-Private Partnerships to Overcome Current Barriers. Jonathan D. Haskett, Independent Consultant.





February 7

Greenhouse Gas Registries


Overview of the U.S. Voluntary Greenhouse Gas Reporting Registry – 1605(b). William Hohenstein, USDA Global Change Program Office.


Linking Forest Carbon Monitoring with Management Decisions. Richard A. Birdsey, USDA Forest Service.


Comet-VR Carbon Sequestration Tool. Roel Vining, USDA-NRCS.


1605(b) Trace Gas Emission Methodologies for Agricultural Resources. Jan Lewandrowski, USDA-GCPO.


Update on Agriculture and Forestry Participation in the Chicago Climate Exchange. Michael Walsh, Chicago Climate Exchange.


New Protocol for Agriculture in the California Climate Action Registry. Kathryn A. Bickel, Independent Consultant to the California Climate Action Registry.


Comprehensive Environmental Accounting for Anaerobic Digesters. Wiley Barbour, Environmental Resources Trust.


Mapping the Voluntary U.S. Carbon Markets. Katherine Hamilton, Ecosystem Marketplace.






February 7

Crop Carbon Exchange, Pt. I


Ecosystem Management Effects on Soil Carbon Cycling and Soil Biology. Paul White, Kansas State University.


Manure and Tillage Effects on Carbon Dioxide and Water Fluxes Using Eddy Covariance Techniques. Donald Reicosky, USDA-ARS.


Within Canopy CO2 and H2O Vapor Exchanges in Corn-Soybean Crops. Jerry Hatfield, USDA National Soil Tilth Laboratory.


CO2 and H2O Vapor Exchanges Across Growing Seasons in Rainfed Corn-Soybean Systems. John Preuger, USDA National Soil Tilth Laboratory.


Impact of a Cover Crop on Carbon and Water Balance of Corn/Soybean Systems. John Baker, USDA-ARS.


The Determination of Carbon Dioxide Concentration Using Atmospheric Pressure Ionization Mass Spectrometry and Isotopic Diluation. Brendan G. DeLacy, Science Applications International Corporation.






February 7

Crop Carbon Exchange, Pt. II


Long-Term Tillage and Cropping System Effects on Dryland Soil Carbon Sequestration and Fractions. Upendra Sainju, USDA-ARS NPARL.


Some Sources of Variability in the CO2 Enhancement Ration. Edwin L. Fiscus, USDA-ARS Plant Science Research Unit.


Effect of Phosphate Solubilizing Bacteria (PSB), Farmyard Manure and Phosphorus on Growth and Yield of Lentil (Lens culinaris Medik.). Manjitinder S. Deol, Punjab Agricultural University.


Influence of Conservation Tillage and Poultry Litter Application on Carbon Dioxide Efflux from Soil in Cotton Production Systems. Seshadri Sajjala Reddy, Alabama A&M University.


Carbon Flux Associated with Management and Disturbance Along an Urban to Rural Gradient: from Baltimore, MD to the New Jersey Pine Barrens. John Hom, USDA Forest Service, Northern Research Station.






February 7

Trace Gas Emissions: GRACEnet


Development and Evaluation of GRACEnet Computer Models to Assess GHG Emissions. Ronald Follett, USDA-ARS Soil Plant Nutrient Research.


GRACEnet (Greenhouse Gas Reduction through Agricultural Carbon Enhancement Network): An Assessment of Soil Carbon Sequestration and Greenhouse Gas Mitigation by Agricultural Management. Diane E. Stott, USDA-ARS.


Cropping System Management Impacts on Greenhouse Gas Emissions in the Cool, Humid Northeastern U.S. Lawrence Sikora, USDA-ARS.


Global Warming Potential of Long-Term Grazing Management Systems in the Northern Great Plains. Mark A. Liebig, USDA-ARS NGPRL.


Temporal Variability of N2O Emissions from a Central Iowa Corn Field. Tim B. Parkin, USDA National Soil Tilth Laboratory.


Nitrous Oxide and Methane Emissions from Grazed Pasture. Curtis Dell, USDA-ARS PSWMRU.


Nitrogen, Tillage, and Crop Rotation Effects on Nitrous Oxide Emissions from Irrigated Cropping Systems. Ardell D. Halvorson, USDA-ARS NPA SPNR.


GHG Emissions from Corn-Soybean Rotations on a Mollisol. D.E. Stott, USDA-ARS.






February 7

Modeling/Scaling, Pt. I


Calculating Greenhouse Gas Fluxes from Cropped and Grazed Soils for the US National Inventory. Stephen Del Grosso, USDA-ARS NPA SPNR.


Estimating N Emissions from Agricultural Soil Management in the Inventory of U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions and Sinks. Susan Asam, ICF International.


Regional Fluxes of Methane and Carbon Dioxide in Southeastern US: Quantifying Effects of Multiple Stresses Through Data-Model Assimilation. Hanqin Tian, Auburn University.


The Truth about Global Climate Change in the United States. James J. O’Brien, Florida State University.


Scaling Eddy Flux Measurements to Regional Carbon Dynamics. Kenneth Clark, USDA Forest Service, Northern Research Station.


North American Regional Climate Change Assessment Program (NARC-CAP): Evaluating Uncertainties in Projections of Regional Climate Change. Raymond Arritt, Iowa State University.






February 7

Soil Carbon Methods


Can Diffuse Reflectance Infrared Fourier Transform Spectroscopy (DRIFTS) Be Used in the Field for the Determination of Soil C: Practical and Theoretical Considerations. James B. Reeves III, USDA-ARS ANRI EMBUL


Measuring Soil Carbon Using Inelastic Neutron Scattering (INS), Mid Infra-Red Spectroscopy (MIDR) and Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectroscopy (LIBS): A Field Test. Ronny D. Harris, Los Alamos National Laboratory.


Non-Destructive Field Scanning for Belowground Carbon Content. Lucian Wielopolski, Brookhaven National Laboratory.


Evaluation of the Cellulose Absorption Index (CAI) for Estimation of Crop Residue Cover and Soil Carbon. Guy Serbin, USDA-ARS Hydrology and Remote Sensing Lab.


Soil Carbon Measurement by Laser-Induced Breakdown Spectrometry: Effect of Different Soil Properties. Autumn S. Wang, Kansas State University.


Where’s the Carbon? Reducing the Uncertainty of Soil-Sequestered Carbon Using Near Infrared Spectroscopy on a Field-Scale Basis. Eric Lund, Veris Technologies.


Effect of Soil Moisture and Density on Carbon Measurements with an In-Situ INS System. Oded Doron, Brookhaven National Laboratory.






February 7

Modeling/Scaling, Pt. II


Validation of DAYCENT Model Based on Daily Measurements of Nitrous Oxide Emissions from Corn Field. Marek K. Jarecki, Ag Cert.


Testing of DAYCENT Model Using Crop Yield and N2O Data from Irrigated Rotations in Colorado. Stephen Del Grosso, USDA-ARS NPA SPNR.


Developing Manure-DNDC: Building a Process Based Biogeochemical Tool for Quantifying Greenhouse Gas Emissions from California Dairies. William Salas, Applied Geosolutions, LLC.


A Retrospective Look at Agriculture and LULUCF Estimates in the Inventory of U.S. GHG Emissions and Sinks. Susan Asam, ICF International.


Commodity-Specific GHG Inventories in Canadian Agriculture. James A. Dyer, Private Consultant.


Methane Calculations for Canadian Inventories and Intensity Indicator: Example of the Dairy Sector. Xavier P.C. Verge, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada.






February 8

US Climate Change Science Program Synthesis and Assessment Report 4.3: The Effects of Climate change on Agriculture, Land Resources, Water Resources, and Biodiversity


Background to SAP 4.3. Margaret Walsh, USDA Global Change Program Office.


Introduction to the Report. David Schimel, National Center for Atmospheric Research.


Agriculture. Jerry Hatfield. USDA-ARS National Soil Tilth Laboratory.


Land Resources. Mike Ryan, USDA Forest Service.


Water Resources. Dennis Lettenmaier, University of Washington.


Biodiversity. Anthony Janetos, Pacific Northwest National Laboratory.






February 8

Public Policy: Market-Based Incentives


Soil Management Protocols and Projects for Greenhouse Gas Offsets in Canada. Dennis E. Haak, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada.


US Climate Policy – Is Agriculture a Player or Bystander? Sara Hessenflow Harper, Environmental Defense


Farm Bill Incentives for Climate Protection. Elizabeth Martin Perera, Natural Resources Defense Council.


Farm-Specific Modeling Can Provide Better Value to Soil-based GHG Offset Buyers and Sellers. Karen Updegraff, South Dakota School of Mines & Technology.


GHG Project Accounting for Land Use, Land-Use Change, and Forestry Projects. Florence H. Daviet, World Resources Institute.


Indicators of Carbon Sequestration and Climate Change Impacts in Agricultural and Forest Ecosystems. Christine Negra, The Heinz Center.


Mitigating Potential and Costs of Avoided Deforestation. Brent L. Sohngen, The Ohio State University.


Farmer Management of Risk Associated with Climate Extremes as Indicators of Adaptation to Climate Change. Jennifer Phillips, Bard College.






February 8

Soil Carbon, Pt. II


Soil Organic C Sequestration During 12 Years of Poultry Litter Application to Pasture in the Southern Piedmont USA. Alan Franzluebbers, USDA-ARS.


Soil Aggregation and C Sequestration: Effect of Management Practices. Karina Fabrizzi, Kansas State University.


Effect of Land Conversion and Intensive Management on Carbon Sequestration in the State of Alabama. Guangsheng Chen, Auburn University.


Addition of Inorganic By-Products to Sewage Sludges to Stabilize Organic Carbon. Marta Camps-Arbestain, NEIKER-Instituto Vasco de Investigacion y Desarrollo Agrario.


Soil Carbon Sequestration in Kansas: Long-Term Effect of Tillage, N Fertilization, and Crop Rotation. Karina Fabrizzi, Kansas State University.


High Biomass Removal Limits Carbon Sequestration Potential of Manure in Temperate Pastures. R. Howard Skinner, USDA-ARS Pasture Systems Laboratory.






February 8

Modeling/Scaling, Pt. III


Modeling Crop Productivity and Trace Gas Emissions in Agricultural Ecosystems. Wei Ren, Auburn University.


Combination of Ecosystem Carbon Flux Measurements and Remote Sensing to Estimate Regional Primary Production in Iowa. E. Raymond Hunt, Jr., USDA-ARS Hydrology and Remote Sensing Laboratory.


EPIC Simulations of Crop Yields and Soil Organic Carbon in Iowa. Paul C. Doraiswamy, USDA-ARS Hydrology and Remote Sending Laboratory.


Using CQESTR to Predict Effects of Management Practices on Carbon Sequestration. Yi Liang, USDA-ARS.


Simulating Carbon Sequestration in Plowed and No-Tillage Systems in Brazilian Oxisols Using CQESTR. Luiz F. Leite, Embrapa/USDA-ARS Hydrology and Remote Sensing Laboratory.


Using EPIC v.3060 and the Soil Conditioning Index to Predict Soil Organic Carbon in Cotton Production Systems of the Southeastern U.S. Deborah A. Abrahamson, USDA-ARS.


National Inventory of C Change for Agricultural Soils in Canada. Brian McConkey, Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada.






February 8

Trace Gas Emissions, Pt. IV


A Comparative Analysis of Instruments Commonly Employed to Measure Greenhouse Gas Emissions from Soils. Jason B. Barlett, University of California-Davis.


Methane Emissions and Energy Partition in Ethiopian Bos indicus Cattle Fed on Tropical Feeds. Berhanu K. Tesfaye, International Livestock Research Institute.


Vertical Distributions of Microbial Enzyme Activity Under Reduced Versus Conventional Tillage: Role in Mediating N2O Emissions. Rodney Venterea, University of Minnesota, USDA-ARS.


Carbon Dioxide and Nitrous Oxide Fluxes in Organic, No-Till and Conventional-Till Cropping Systems.


Greenhouse Gas Source Identification and Flux Measurements Using an Optical Remote Sending Method and a Photoacoustic Multi-Gas Analyzer. Kyoung Ro, USDA-ARS.


Emission of the Greenhouse Gas Nitrous Oxide (N2O) from Riparian Forest Buffers, Warm-Season and Cool-Season Grass Filters and Crop Fields. Dong-Gill Kim, Iowa State University.


Carbon Dioxide and Nitrous Oxide Fluxes in Organic, No-Till and Chisel-Till Cropping Systems. Milutin Djurickovic, USDA-ARS ANRI SASL.