From Kansas State University's:

Consortium for Agricultural Soils Mitigation of Greenhouse Gases(CASMGS)


Charles W. Rice, K-State Department of Agronomy, National CASMGS Director

(785) 532-7217

Scott Staggenborg, K-State Department of Agronomy (785) 532-7214

Steve Watson, CASMGS Communications (785) 532-7105


November 22, 2006

No. 53



* Kansas Grasslands Planted After January 1, 1999 Eligible For Carbon Credit Payments



* U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions Continue To Increase In 2005



* Carbon Pollution By All Industrialized Countries Still Rising

* Stern Review On The Economics Of Climate Change






Kansas Grasslands Planted After January 1, 1999

Eligible For Carbon Credit Payments


Land planted to grass after Jan. 1, 1999 is eligible to enroll in the carbon credit pilot project offered by the Chicago Climate Exchange (CCX) in most counties in Kansas (except in parts of the southcentral and southwest). There is estimated to be as much as 500,000 acres of grass plantings on Conservation Reserve Program land made after Jan. 1, 1999 in Kansas.


Unlike no-till acreage, new grass plantings are eligible for carbon credits in most of western Kansas, as well as eastern Kansas. Also, the carbon sequestration rate assigned to new grass plantings is higher than that assigned to no-till (0.75 tons of CO2 per acre on grass plantings as opposed to 0.5 tons of CO2 per acre for no-till).


Recently, prices on the CCX have been about $4 per ton of CO2 per year. At the rate of 0.75 tons of CO2 sequestered per acre, that means that those who enroll new grass plantings in the carbon credit program could receive about $3 per acre, depending on the price at the time the credits are sold.


Any grass land enrolled in the carbon credit program will have to remain in grass for the 5-year duration of the contract period – from 2006 through 2010.


Producers and landowners who have land on which grass was planted after Jan. 1, 1999 can sign up for the CCX program either through a contract with the Iowa Farm Bureau or the National Farmers Union.


* The Iowa Farm Bureau (IFB) is accepting contracts for its “Pool 4” in the carbon credit pilot project. The signup period for this pool of credits lasts until June 30, 2007. For details and a contract, see:


* The National Farmers Union (NFU) is also currently accepting contracts for the carbon credit pilot project. For details and a contract, see:


The map below shows which counties in Kansas are eligible. Both the yellow and green counties are eligible for new grass plantings.






-- Steve Watson, K-State CASMGS Communications







U.S. Greenhouse Gas Emissions Continue

To Increase In 2005


Total U.S. greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions were 7,147.2 million metric tons carbon dioxide equivalent (MMTCO2e) in 2005, an increase of 0.6 percent from the 2004 level according to Emissions of Greenhouse Gases in the United States 2005, a report released on Nov. 14 by the Energy Information Administration. Since 1990, GHG emissions have grown at an average annual rate of 1.0 percent.


U.S. GHG emissions per unit of Gross Domestic Product (GDP), or “U.S. GHG-intensity,” fell from 664 metric tons per million 2000 constant dollars of GDP (MTCO2e/$Million GDP) in 2004 to 647 MTCO2e/$Million GDP in 2005, a decline of 2.5 percent. Since 1990, the annual average decline in GHG-intensity has been 1.9 percent. 


Total estimated U.S. GHG emissions in 2005 consisted of 6,008.6 million metric tons of carbon dioxide (84.1 percent of total emissions), 611.9 MMTCO2e of methane (8.6 percent of total emissions), 366.6 MMTCO2e of nitrous oxide (5.1 percent of total emissions), and 160.2 MMTCO2e of hydrofluorocarbons (HFCs), perfluorocarbons (PFCs) and sulfur hexafluoride (SF6) (2.2 percent of total emissions).


The full report can be found on EIA's web site at:







Carbon pollution by all industrialized

countries still rising


The secretariat of the United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) released new data on Oct. 30 showing an upward trend in emissions of industrialized countries in the period 2000–2004.


The UNFCCC report ‘Greenhouse Gas Data, 2006’ constitutes the first complete set of data submitted by all 41 industrialized Parties of the Convention to the Bonn-based secretariat.


According to the secretariat, in the period 1990–2004, the overall emissions of industrialized countries decreased by 3.3 per cent. However, this was mostly due to a 36.8 per cent decrease in emissions on the part of economies in transition of eastern and central Europe (EITs).


Within the same time-period, the greenhouse gas emissions of the other industrialized Parties of the Convention grew by 11.0 per cent.


The UN’s chief climate change official pointed out that despite the emission growth in some countries in the period 2000-2004, Parties of the Kyoto Protocol stand a good chance of meeting their individual emissions reduction commitments if they speedily apply the additional domestic mitigation measures they are planning and use the Kyoto Protocol’s market-based flexibility mechanisms.


More information can be found at:






Stern Review on the

Economics of Climate Change

This month, a dramatic report to the British Prime Minister and Chancellor caused a major reaction in the media and within government by stating that “ignoring climate change will eventually damage economic growth.”


The “Stern Review” focuses on the impacts and risks arising from uncontrolled climate change, and on the costs and opportunities associated with action to tackle it. It emphasizes that economic models over timescales of centuries do not offer precise forecasts - but they are an important way to illustrate the scale of effects we might see.

The Review finds that all countries will be affected by climate change, but it is the poorest countries that will suffer earliest and most. Unabated climate change risks raising average temperatures by over 5 degrees C (9 degrees F) from pre-industrial levels. Based on the assessment of the science carried out by the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change in 2001, the Review calculates that the dangers of unabated climate change would be equivalent to at least 5% of GDP each year.

In contrast, the costs of action to reduce greenhouse gas emissions to avoid the worst impacts of climate change can be limited to around 1% of global GDP each year. People would pay a little more for carbon-intensive goods, but our economies could continue to grow strongly.


The full report (27 pages) of “The Stern Review: The Economics of Climate Change” can be found at:


-- Steve Watson, K-State CASMGS Communications









January 17-18, 2007

North America and the Carbon Markets

Washington, DC


For details, see:
February 5-8, 2007
Fourth USDA Greenhouse Gas Conference: Positioning Agriculture and Forestry to Meet the Challenges of Climate Change
Baltimore, MD
For details, see:






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